Black Ribbon New Zealand
Ending Domestic Violence for Everyone!

Intimate Partner Violence

IPV is the acronym for Intimate Partner Violence. It is domestic violence by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner.

IPV refers to any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship. Examples of types of behaviour are listed below.

  • Acts of physical violence, such as slapping, hitting, kicking and beating.
  • Sexual violence, including forced sexual intercourse and other forms of sexual coercion.
  • Emotional (psychological) abuse, such as insults, belittling, constant humiliation, intimidation (e.g. destroying things), threats of harm, threats to take away children.
  • Controlling behaviours, including isolating a person from family and friends;monitoring their movements; and restricting access to financial resources, employment, education or medical care.

70% of nonreciprocal domestic violence is initiated by women against men according to a 2007 Harvard study. To quote the Harvard Medical School research – “Almost 24% of all relationships had some violence, and half (49.7%) of those were reciprocally violent. In nonreciprocally violent relationships, women were the perpetrators in more than 70% of the cases.”

So, 24% of all relationships had 'some' violence, and half of those (12%) were reciprocally violent (bidirectional, both parties are violent). The other 12% were one-way violence (one perpetrator, one victim), and 70% of this category is initiated by women towards men. Don't let anyone tell you that the problem is and always has been mens' violence towards women - that's just not true!